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Funding

How much money has been provided under the GLRI for Great Lakes restoration?

GLRI received approximately $2.56 billion from FY 2010 to FY 2017.

How does the money fund restoration projects?

EPA and its partner agencies agree on program and project priorities to implement the GLRI Action Plan.

The money is appropriated to EPA. EPA provides funding to other federal government agencies. In turn, those agencies (and EPA, too) use that money to fund restoration projects. Since the start of GLRI, EPA has provided more than half of the funds appropriated to its partner federal agencies.

Agencies undertake projects themselves; they also fund projects performed by other entities such as:

  • states
  • tribes
  • local governments
  • universities
  • nongovernmental organizations

Agencies that receive GLRI funds use several kinds of funding mechanisms, including:

  • interagency agreements
  • fund transfers
  • competitive grants
  • capacity-building grants

Agencies provide notice of funding opportunities in accordance with their regular practices, such as posting competitive announcements through grants.gov.

See projects funded under GLRI

What kind of projects have been funded?

All projects must support one of the GLRI focus areas:

  1. Toxic Substances and Areas of Concern
  2. Invasive Species
  3. Nonpoint Source Pollution Impacts on Nearshore Health (formerly Nearshore Health and Nonpoint Source Pollution FY2010-2014)
  4. Habitat and Species (formerly Habitat and Wildlife Protection and Restoration FY2010-2014)
  5. Foundations for Future Restoration Actions (formerly Accountability, Education, Monitoring, Evaluation, Communication and Partnerships FY2010-2014)
Table 1: GLRI FY2010-FY2016 Focus Area Allocations
Focus Area FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY2017
Toxic Substances and Areas of Concern $146.9M $100.4M $107.5M $111M $104.6M $117M $108M $108M
Invasive Species $60.3M $57.5M $56.9M $45M $54.6M $53M $57M $59M
Nonpoint Source Pollution Impacts on Nearshore Health $97.3M $49.3M $54.3M $45M $59.7M $55M $49M $52M
Habitat and Species $105.3M $63M $57.2M $65.5M $60.6M $46M $51M $50M
Foundations for Future Restoration Actions $65.2M $29.3M $23.5M $17M $20.5M $29M $35M $31M
TOTAL $475 million $299.4 million $299.5 million $283.5 million $300 million $300 million $300 million $300 million

The percentage of total funding allocated to each focus area has stayed largely the same year to year.

See also: GLRI FY2017 Funding by Agency